Leopards ¢ (Panthera pardus) are part of the Felidae family, with a wide range in in some parts of Africa and tropical Asia, from Siberia, South and West Asia to across most of sub-Saharan Africa. They are the smallest of the four big cats in the genus Panthera (which include tigers, lions, and jaguars). They are also sometimes mistaken for jaguars, but the leopards’ spots are smaller than jaguars’. However, leopards and jaguars are both “melanistic”, meaning they can be born with all-black fur. Melanistic leopards or jaguars are known as black panthers.

Leopards are also very stealthy cats, able to reach speeds at 58 kilometres per hour. They are also exceptional climbers and can drag their prey up in trees so that other predators can’t reach it.